Archive for the ‘robotics/AI’ category

May 7, 2021

Latest Neural Nets Solve World’s Hardest Equations Faster Than Ever Before

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI


Two new approaches allow deep neural networks to solve entire families of partial differential equations, making it easier to model complicated systems and to do so orders of magnitude faster.

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May 7, 2021

Lightmatter’s photonic AI ambitions light up an $80M B round

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

AI is fundamental to many products and services today, but its hunger for data and computing cycles is bottomless. Lightmatter plans to leapfrog Moore’s law with its ultra-fast photonic chips specialized for AI work, and with a new $80 million round, the company is poised to take its light-powered computing to market.

We first covered Lightmatter in 2018, when the founders were fresh out of MIT and had raised $11 million to prove that their idea of photonic computing was as valuable as they claimed. They spent the next three years and change building and refining the tech — and running into all the hurdles that hardware startups and technical founders tend to find.

For a full breakdown of what the company’s tech does, read that feature — the essentials haven’t changed.

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May 6, 2021

Artificial Intelligence Helps Crack the Code of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

The Dead Sea Scrolls, discovered some seventy years ago, are famous for containing the oldest manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament) and many hitherto unknown ancient Jewish texts. But the individual people behind the scrolls have eluded scientists, because the scribes are anonymous. Now, by combining the sciences and the humanities, University of Groningen researchers have cracked the code, which enables them to discover the scribes behind the scrolls. They presented their results in the journal PLOS ONE on April 21, 2021.

The scribes who created the scrolls did not sign their work. Scholars suggested some manuscripts should be attributed to a single scribe based on handwriting. “They would try to find a “smoking gun” in the handwriting, for example, a very specific trait in a letter which would identify a scribe,” explains Mladen Popović, professor of Hebrew Bible and Ancient Judaism at the Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies at the University of Groningen. He is also director of the university’s Qumran Institute, dedicated to studying the Dead Sea Scrolls. However, these identifications are somewhat subjective and often hotly debated.

May 6, 2021

Ehang Unveils Tree-Like ‘Baobab’ Vertiports For Its Autonomous Passenger Drones

Posted by in categories: drones, robotics/AI, sustainability

autonomous air vehicle company ehang unveils ‘baobab’, a large tree-like tower and landing platform for its EH216 passenger drones. designed by giancarlo zema design group (GZDG) with sustainability at the core, photovoltaic panels on the vertiports will generate energy and independent plug-and-play charging points will recharge the drones wirelessly. currently in the development stage, ehang and GZDG hope to enter the emerging global eco-tourism sector with hubs being planned for a lakeside site in china’s zhaoqing city as well as in the maldives, the united arab emirates, and italy.

Images courtesy of giancarlo zema design group (GZDG)

May 6, 2021

The Air Force’s first Skyborg autonomous drone prototype made its first flight

Posted by in categories: drones, military, robotics/AI

A prototype by Kratos was first to fly, but Boeing and General Atomics will also develop Skyborg air vehicles.

May 5, 2021

A Human Battled an AI-Piloted Fighter Jet in the First Man vs. Machine Test Flight

Posted by in categories: military, robotics/AI

Circa 2020 awesome 😃

Now, in a world’s first, Daniel Robinson, a veteran F-22 pilot, climbed inside a real aircraft and battled an AI virtual fighter.

These virtual war games open up new doors for training in the U.S. military. Often, the only way to train airmen is with real pilots who oppose them in air-to-air combat training. The U.S. military is increasingly relying on contractors to provide “red air” adversary support. But physically flying against adversary aircraft pilots is costly and inefficient. Earlier this year, the Air Force hired several companies — in a multi-billion dollar contract — to get the support they needed to help pilots train across the U.S.

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May 5, 2021

Toward a brain-like AI with hyperdimensional computing

Posted by in category: robotics/AI

The human brain has always been under study for inspiration of computing systems. Although there’s a very long way to go until we can achieve a computing system that matches the efficiency of the human brain for cognitive tasks, several brain-inspired computing paradigms are being researched. Convolutional neural networks are a widely used machine learning approach for AI-related applications due to their significant performance relative to rules-based or symbolic approaches. Nonetheless, for many tasks machine learning requires vast amounts of data and training to converge to an acceptable level of performance.

A Ph.D. student from Khalifa University, Eman Hasan, is investigating another AI computation methodology called ‘hyperdimensional computing, which can possibly take AI systems a step closer toward human-like cognition. The work is supervised by Dr. Baker Mohammad, Associate Professor and Director of the System on Chip Center (SOCC), and Dr. Yasmin Halawani, Postdoctoral Fellow.

Hasan’s work, which was published recently in the journal IEEE Access, analyzes different models of hyperdimensional computing and highlights the advantages of this computing paradigm. Hyperdimensional computing, or HDC, is a relatively new paradigm for computing using large vectors (like 10000 bits each) and is inspired by patterns of neural activity in the human brain. The means by which can allow AI-based computing systems to retain memory can reduce their computing and power demands.

May 4, 2021

Quantum Computing and Reinforcement Learning Are Joining Forces to Make Faster AI

Posted by in categories: internet, quantum physics, robotics/AI

Recently, scientists designed an AI agent that learns 60% faster than its peers by combining quantum and classical computing. 📈

This week, an international collaboration led by Dr. Philip Walther at the University of Vienna took the “classic” concept of reinforcement learning and gave it a quantum spin. They designed a hybrid AI that relies on both quantum and run-of-the-mill classic computing, and showed that—thanks to quantum quirkiness—it could simultaneously screen a handful of different ways to solve a problem.

The result is a reinforcement learning AI that learned over 60 percent faster than its non-quantum-enabled peers. This is one of the first tests that shows adding quantum computing can speed up the actual learning process of an AI agent, the authors explained.

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May 3, 2021

West Africa is the Latest Testing Ground for US Military Artificial Intelligence

Posted by in categories: military, robotics/AI, terrorism

In its preparation for great power competition, the US military is modernizing its artificial intelligence and machine learning techniques and testing them in West Africa.

by Scott Timcke

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May 2, 2021

The Race to Build Self-Driving Trucks Has Four Horses and Three Jockeys

Posted by in categories: robotics/AI, transportation

It’s likely that safety drivers will remain in cabs for years to come as companies hone their sensor technology and train their software for every highway scenario. It’s expensive and painstaking work that can overwhelm even the best-run start-ups. The consensus within the industry is that three contestants stand the best chance to make it to the finish line: “It’s TuSimple, Aurora and Waymo,” says Grayson Brulte, co-founder of Brulte & Co., a consulting firm focused on transportation. TuSimple, a San Diego based-company that raised $1.35 billion in an initial public offering in April, is in the pole position, as Brulte sees it, because of its singular focus on trucking and its partnership, begun three years ago, with Navistar International to build autonomous trucks. “They’ve got the head start on it,” says Brulte.

These are the companies set to dominate the highways of tomorrow.

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