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Archive for the ‘information science’ category

Nov 21, 2019

A giant, superfast AI chip is being used to find better cancer drugs

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, information science, robotics/AI

But in the last few years, AI has changed the game. Deep-learning algorithms excel at quickly finding patterns in reams of data, which has sped up key processes in scientific discovery. Now, along with these software improvements, a hardware revolution is also on the horizon.

Yesterday Argonne announced that it has begun to test a new computer from the startup Cerebras that promises to accelerate the training of deep-learning algorithms by orders of magnitude. The computer, which houses the world’s largest chip, is part of a new generation of specialized AI hardware that is only now being put to use.

“We’re interested in accelerating the AI applications that we have for scientific problems,” says Rick Stevens, Argonne’s associate lab director for computing, environment, and life sciences. “We have huge amounts of data and big models, and we’re interested in pushing their performance.”

Nov 20, 2019

The Architect of Modern Algorithms

Posted by in categories: computing, information science

Barbara Liskov pioneered the modern approach to writing code. She warns that the challenges facing computer science today can’t be overcome with good design alone.

Nov 19, 2019

The danger of AI is weirder than you think | Janelle Shane

Posted by in categories: business, food, information science, robotics/AI

Maybe interesting for this group too.


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Nov 18, 2019

An imitation learning approach to train robots without the need for real human demonstrations

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

Most humans can learn how to complete a given task by observing another person perform it just once. Robots that are programmed to learn by imitating humans, however, typically need to be trained on a series of human demonstrations before they can effectively reproduce the desired behavior.

Researchers were recently able to teach robots to execute new tasks by having them observe a single human demonstration, using meta-learning approaches. However, these learning techniques typically require real-world data that can be expensive and difficult to collect.

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Nov 18, 2019

An artificial intelligence algorithm can learn the laws of quantum mechanics

Posted by in categories: chemistry, information science, quantum physics, robotics/AI

Artificial intelligence can be used to predict molecular wave functions and the electronic properties of molecules. This innovative AI method developed by a team of researchers at the University of Warwick, the Technical University of Berlin and the University of Luxembourg, could be used to speed-up the design of drug molecules or new materials.

Artificial intelligence and are routinely used to predict our purchasing behavior and to recognize our faces or handwriting. In , Artificial Intelligence is establishing itself as a crucial tool for scientific discovery.

In chemistry, AI has become instrumental in predicting the outcomes of experiments or simulations of quantum systems. To achieve this, AI needs to be able to systematically incorporate the fundamental laws of .

Nov 14, 2019

Mathematicians Have Discovered an Entirely New Way to Multiply Large Numbers

Posted by in categories: computing, information science, mathematics

A pair of mathematicians from Australia and France have devised an alternative way to multiply numbers together, while solving an algorithmic puzzle that has perplexed some of the greatest math minds for almost half a century.

For most of us, the way we multiply relatively small numbers is by remembering our times tables – an incredibly handy aid first pioneered by the Babylonians some 4,000 years ago.

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Nov 13, 2019

Cocktail Of Drugs Gives First Hope That ‘Biological Age’ Can Be Reversed

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics, information science, life extension

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“Fahy’s fascination with the thymus goes back to 1986, when he read a study in which scientists transplanted growth-hormone-secreting cells into rats, apparently rejuvenating their immune systems,” Nature reported. “He was surprised that no one seemed to have followed up on the result with a clinical trial. A decade later, at age 46, he treated himself for a month with growth hormone and DHEA, and found some regeneration of his own thymus.”

The thymus is located in the chest between the lungs and the breastbone and is crucial for efficient immune function. “White blood cells are produced in bone marrow and then mature inside the thymus, where they become specialized T-cells that help the body to fight infections and cancers,” Nature reported. “But the gland starts to shrink after puberty and increasingly becomes clogged with fat. Evidence from animal and some human studies shows that growth hormone stimulates regeneration of the thymus. But this hormone can also promote diabetes, so the trial included two widely used anti-diabetic drugs, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and metformin, in the treatment cocktail.”

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Nov 11, 2019

The U.S. military, algorithmic warfare, and big tech

Posted by in categories: information science, military, robotics/AI

The U.S. military is preparing for the age of AI and algorithmic warfare, and it’s getting help from tech giants like Facebook, Google, and Microsoft.

Nov 10, 2019

Fake news via OpenAI: Eloquently incoherent?

Posted by in categories: information science, robotics/AI

OpenAI’s text generator, machine learning-powered—so powerful that it was thought too dangerous to release to the public, has, guess what, been released.

OpenAI published a blog post announcing its decision to release the algorithm in full as it has “seen no strong evidence of misuse so far.”

Well, that was a turnaround.

Nov 9, 2019

Goldman Sachs has created a market-ready robo advisor

Posted by in categories: finance, information science, robotics/AI

If Goldman Sachs’ new tool launches through Marcus, a human-digital hybrid approach would be a wise choice.


Goldman Sachs created a market-ready robo advisor and is mulling how to launch it, Financial Planning reports. The automated platform will represent Goldman’s digital entry into the smaller investor market, per Rachel Schnoll — who recently became the head of Goldman’s FinLife CX RIA platform — as cited by Financial Planning. The new robo advisor may be built in part on algorithms that Goldman acquired from financial life management firm United Capital, when it acquired the company for $750 million in May.

The new robo advisor could be introduced to the market via Goldman’s Marcus segment — here’s why it would be a good match. Goldman could extend a portion of the personal touch it brings to its Private Wealth Management clients to Marcus clients by offering them financial advice via the new robo advisor.

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