Archive for the ‘quantum physics’ category

Nov 27, 2023

Researchers achieve zero-knowledge proof based on device-independent quantum random number beacon

Posted by in categories: blockchains, encryption, information science, quantum physics, security

Zero-knowledge proof (ZKP) is a cryptographic tool that allows for the verification of validity between mutually untrusted parties without disclosing additional information. Non-interactive zero-knowledge proof (NIZKP) is a variant of ZKP with the feature of not requiring multiple information exchanges. Therefore, NIZKP is widely used in the fields of digital signature, blockchain, and identity authentication.

Since it is difficult to implement a true random number generator, deterministic pseudorandom number algorithms are often used as a substitute. However, this method has potential security vulnerabilities. Therefore, how to obtain true random numbers has become the key to improving the security of NIZKP.

In a study published in PNAS, a research team led by Prof. Pan Jianwei and Prof. Zhang Qiang from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the collaborators, realized a set of random number beacon public services with device-independent quantum as entropy sources and post-quantum cryptography as identity authentication.

Nov 26, 2023

Quantum Advantage: A Physicist Explains The Future of Computers

Posted by in categories: computing, encryption, information science, quantum physics

Quantum advantage is the milestone the field of quantum computing is fervently working toward, where a quantum computer can solve problems that are beyond the reach of the most powerful non-quantum, or classical, computers.

Quantum refers to the scale of atoms and molecules where the laws of physics as we experience them break down and a different, counterintuitive set of laws apply. Quantum computers take advantage of these strange behaviors to solve problems.

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Nov 26, 2023

Creating vortices in a superfluid made of light

Posted by in categories: evolution, quantum physics

By using a special combination of laser beams as a very fast stirrer, RIKEN physicists have created multiple vortices in a quantum photonic system and tracked their evolution. This system could be used to explore exotic new physics related to the emergence of quantum states from vortex matter. The research is published in the journal Nano Letters.

In principle, if you were to swim in a pool filled with a superfluid, a single stroke would be all you need to swim an infinite number of laps. That’s because, unlike normal fluids like water, superfluids have no resistance to motion below a certain velocity.

Superfluids also behave weirdly when stirred. “If you stir a bucket of water, you typically get just one big vortex,” explains Michael Fraser of the RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science. “But when you rotate a superfluid, you initially create one vortex. And when you rotate it faster, you get progressively more and more vortices of precisely the same size.”

Nov 26, 2023

Xanadu hardware CTO shares views on why silicon photonics is the future of quantum computing

Posted by in categories: quantum physics, robotics/AI

Silicon photonics (SiPh), the manufacturing of integrated photonics on CMOS platform, has been a buzzword in the recent two years, given the technology’s promising prospect to deliver a faster, securer and more efficient solution to data centers increasingly burdened by the ever-growing transmission demand of AI. However, the potential of silicon photonics is not confined to the realm of conventional computing and communication.

Nov 26, 2023

Variational Quantum Linear Solver

Posted by in categories: engineering, mathematics, quantum physics, supercomputing

Carlos Bravo-Prieto1,2,3, Ryan LaRose4, M. Cerezo1,5, Yigit Subasi6, Lukasz Cincio1, and Patrick J. Coles1

1Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87,545, USA. 2 Barcelona Supercomputing Center, Barcelona, Spain. 3 Institut de Ciències del Cosmos, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. 4 Department of Computational Mathematics, Science, and Engineering & Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48,823, USA. 5 Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA 6 Computer, Computational and Statistical Sciences Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87,545, USA

Get full text pdfRead on arXiv Vanity.

Nov 26, 2023

Quantum breakthrough paves way for ‘perfect switch’ in electronic devices

Posted by in categories: materials, quantum physics


Published in the prestigious journal Science, the research explores the emergence of a unique polarized versatility within the one-dimensional metal, offering the potential for a seamless transition between insulator and superconductor states.

Nov 25, 2023

Time from quantum entanglement an experimental illustration

Posted by in category: quantum physics

Shared with Dropbox.

Nov 25, 2023

Could IonQ become the next Nvidia?

Posted by in categories: quantum physics, robotics/AI

Nvidia’s (NASDAQ: NVDA) stock has rallied about 1,110% over the past five years, turning it into the world’s first trillion-dollar chipmaker. A large portion of that rally was fueled by the explosive growth of the artificial intelligence (AI) market, which drove more companies to buy Nvidia’s high-end data center chips for processing AI tasks.

Nvidia might still have room to run, but it’s asking a lot for a $1.2 trillion company to generate even bigger multibagger gains. Therefore, many investors are already likely seeking out the “next Nvidia” — a company that is exposed to the same secular AI tailwinds but has more upside potential. Could the quantum computing company IonQ (NYSE: IONQ) check all the right boxes?

Unlike traditional computers, which process data with binary “bits” of zeros and ones, quantum computers can store zeros and ones simultaneously in “qubits” to process data at much faster rates. However, quantum computing systems are also much larger, more expensive, and more prone to making mistakes than traditional computers.

Nov 25, 2023

Europe has lost the AI race. It can’t ignore the quantum computing one

Posted by in categories: business, quantum physics, robotics/AI

Europe has become known as a second-place destination for business, and more recently, innovation.

Disruptive technologies like AI have hailed from the United States for decades with no European challenger in sight.

However, when a four-week-old French AI startup secured €105 million for its seed round, it demonstrated that Europe isn’t as disadvantaged as people think. While AI is a saturated market, quantum computing can allow Europe to survive in a century ruled by China and the US.

Nov 25, 2023

Gödel’s incompleteness theorems don’t rule out artificial intelligence

Posted by in categories: information science, quantum physics, robotics/AI

I’ve posted a number of times about artificial intelligence, mind uploading, and various related topics. There are a number of things that can come up in the resulting discussions, one of them being Kurt Gödel’s incompleteness theorems.

The typical line of arguments goes something like this: Gödel implies that there are solutions that no algorithmic system can accomplish but that humans can accomplish, therefore the computational theory of mind is wrong, artificial general intelligence is impossible, and animal, or at least human minds require some as of yet unknown physics, most likely having something to do with the quantum wave function collapse (since that remains an intractable mystery in physics).

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