Archive for the ‘physics’ category: Page 12

Jun 29, 2023

First Compelling Evidence for the Gravitational Wave Background

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

For the first time, researchers using pulsar timing arrays have found evidence for the long-sought-after gravitational wave background. Though the exact source of this low-frequency gravitational wave hum is not yet known, further observations may reveal it to be from pairs of supermassive black holes orbiting one another or from entirely new physics at work in our universe.

A New Window onto Gravitational Waves

In 2016, researchers reported the first detection of gravitational waves by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO), opening a new window onto a universe’s worth of collisions between extreme objects like black holes and neutron stars. Though this discovery marked the beginning of a new observational era, many sources of gravitational waves remained beyond the reach of our current detectors on Earth.

Jun 29, 2023

Scientists find key evidence for existence of nanohertz gravitational waves

Posted by in categories: physics, space

A group of Chinese scientists has recently found key evidence for the existence of nanohertz gravitational waves, marking a new era in nanohertz gravitational wave research. The research was based on pulsar timing observations carried out with the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST).

The research was conducted by the Chinese Pulsar Timing Array (CPTA) collaboration, which comprises researchers from the National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) and other institutes. Their findings were published online June 28 in the journal Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics (RAA).

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Jun 28, 2023

Physicists Have Detected The Background Hum of The Universe

Posted by in categories: physics, space

It’s official. There’s something out there shaking the stars in a way that can no longer be ascribed to chance.

Several teams around the world have independently found a signal in the timing of flashing stars called pulsars that points to giant, long-wavelength gravitational waves rolling through the galaxy. It’s not quite a detection of those gravitational waves yet – but there is more than a 99 percent chance that what we’re looking at is something significant.

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Jun 28, 2023

In a major discovery, scientists say space-time churns like a choppy sea

Posted by in categories: physics, space

The claim of a gravitational wave background suggests the universe is constantly roiled by violent events that happened over the past 13 billion years.

Jun 27, 2023

“I’m really into planetary defence”: Meet the 13-year-old whose science project could protect Earth from asteroids

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, physics, science, space

Do you ever mesh your other hobbies with the space stuff? Yes. I once turned the results of one of my experiments into a musical. In 2020, during the lockdowns, I put a scientific instrument on my balcony to measure light, sound and pollution before and after the pandemic. I ended up with several graphs and thought, Why not turn these into a musical? So, me and my brother got several musical instruments and played notes according to how high or low each point on the graph was. We actually submitted that to the NASA SpaceApps COVID-19 Challenge and became one of the top six global winners.

Do you think you’ll study space science at university when you’re older? I think so. Either aerospace or astrophysics, or maybe both.

Continue reading “‘I’m really into planetary defence’: Meet the 13-year-old whose science project could protect Earth from asteroids” »

Jun 24, 2023

Time Dilation Experiments Could Upend Einstein, Explain Dark Matter and Expanding Universe

Posted by in categories: cosmology, physics

In an effort to explain the accelerating expansion of the universe as well as the nature of Dark Matter, researchers have zeroed in on an upcoming set of experiments designed to measure time dilation.

According to the researchers behind the pioneering approach, these time dilation experiments should either add support to Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity and the theories of Leonhard Euler regarding the movement of celestial objects or open the door to a whole new understanding of time and matter.

Einstein and Euler Still Unable to Fully Explain Dark Matter and the Expanding Universe.

Jun 23, 2023

Physicists discover a new switch for superconductivity

Posted by in categories: materials, physics

Under certain conditions—usually exceedingly cold ones—some materials shift their structure to unlock new, superconducting behavior. This structural shift is known as a “nematic transition,” and physicists suspect that it offers a new way to drive materials into a superconducting state where electrons can flow entirely friction-free.

But what exactly drives this transition in the first place? The answer could help scientists improve existing superconductors and discover new ones.

Now, MIT physicists have identified the key to how one class of superconductors undergoes a nematic transition, and it’s in surprising contrast to what many scientists had assumed.

Jun 20, 2023

Moore’s law: further progress will push hard on the boundaries of physics and economics

Posted by in categories: computing, economics, physics

Gordon Moore, the co-founder of Intel who died earlier this year, is famous for forecasting a continuous rise in the density of transistors that we can pack onto semiconductor chips. James McKenzie looks at how “Moore’s law” is still going strong after almost six decades, but warns that further progress is becoming harder and ever more expensive to sustain.

Jun 19, 2023

KISS method for 2D material preparation: Unlocking new possibilities for materials science

Posted by in categories: chemistry, engineering, physics, science

It has almost been 20 years since the establishment of the field of two-dimensional (2D) materials with the discovery of unique properties of graphene, a single, atomically thin layer of graphite. The significance of graphene and its one-of-a-kind properties was recognized as early as 2010 when the Nobel prize in physics was awarded to A. Geim and K. Novoselov for their work on graphene. However, graphene has been around for a while, though researchers simply did not realize what it was, or how special it is (often, it was considered annoying dirt on nice, clean surfaces of metals REF). Some scientists even dismissed the idea that 2D materials could exist in our three-dimensional world.

Today, things are different. 2D materials are one of the most exciting and fascinating subjects of study for researchers from many disciplines, including physics, chemistry and engineering. 2D materials are not only interesting from a scientific point of view, they are also extremely interesting for industrial and technological applications, such as touchscreens and batteries.

We are also getting very good at discovering and preparing new 2D materials, and the list of known and available 2D materials is rapidly expanding. The 2D materials family is getting very large and graphene is not alone anymore. Instead, it now has a lot of 2D relatives with different properties and vastly diverse applications, predicted or already achieved.

Jun 17, 2023

Physicists create contained ball of turbulence in a tank

Posted by in category: physics

University of Chicago physicists have finally engineered a way to create turbulence in a tank of water by using a ring of jets to blow loops until an isolated “ball” of turbulence forms and stays.

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