Archive for the ‘mathematics’ category: Page 7

Dec 18, 2023

World’s First Human ‘Brain-Scale’ Supercomputer Will Go Online in 2024

Posted by in categories: mathematics, neuroscience, supercomputing

Our brains are remarkably energy efficient.

Using just 20 watts of power, the human brain is capable of processing the equivalent of an exaflop — or a billion-billion mathematical operations per second.

Now, researchers in Australia are building what will be the world’s first supercomputer that can simulate networks at this scale.

Dec 17, 2023

A means for searching for new solutions in mathematics and computer science using an LLM and an evaluator

Posted by in categories: mathematics, robotics/AI, science

A team of computer scientists at Google’s DeepMind project in the U.K., working with a colleague from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and another from Université de Lyon, has developed a computer program that combines a pretrained large language model (LLM) with an automated “evaluator” to produce solutions to problems in the form of computer code.

In their paper published in the journal Nature, the group describes their ideas, how they were implemented and the types of output produced by the new system.

Researchers throughout the scientific community have taken note of the things people are doing with LLMs, such as ChatGPT, and it has occurred to many of them that LLMs might be used to help speed up the process of scientific discovery. But they have also noted that for that to happen, a method is required to prevent confabulations, answers that seem reasonable but are wrong—they need output that is verifiable. To address this problem, the team working in the U.K. used what they call an automated evaluator to assess the answers given by an LLM.

Dec 17, 2023

World’s first human brain-scale neuromorphic supercomputer is coming

Posted by in categories: biological, mathematics, robotics/AI, supercomputing

ICYMI: DeepSouth uses a #neuromorphiccomputing system which mimics biological processes, using hardware to efficiently emulate large networks of spiking #neurons at 228 trillion #Synaptic operations per second — rivalling the estimated rate of operations in the human brain.

Australian researchers are putting together a supercomputer designed to emulate the world’s most efficient learning machine – a neuromorphic monster capable of the same estimated 228 trillion synaptic operations per second that human brains handle.

As the age of AI dawns upon us, it’s clear that this wild technological leap is one of the most significant in the planet’s history, and will very soon be deeply embedded in every part of our lives. But it all relies on absolutely gargantuan amounts of computing power. Indeed, on current trends, the AI servers NVIDIA sells alone will likely be consuming more energy annually than many small countries. In a world desperately trying to decarbonize, that kind of energy load is a massive drag.

Continue reading “World’s first human brain-scale neuromorphic supercomputer is coming” »

Dec 16, 2023

Google researchers make AI tech solve math puzzles “beyond human knowledge”

Posted by in categories: mathematics, robotics/AI

Artificial intelligence researchers claim to have made the world’s first genuine scientific discovery using a large language model (LLM), which is behind ChatGPT and similar programs. This signals a major breakthrough.

The discovery was made by Google DeepMind, an AI research laboratory where scientists are investigating whether LLMs can do more than just repackage information learned in training and actually generate new insights.

Continue reading “Google researchers make AI tech solve math puzzles ‘beyond human knowledge’” »

Dec 15, 2023

U.S. and China race to shield secrets from quantum computers

Posted by in categories: cybercrime/malcode, encryption, mathematics, quantum physics

No one knows who might get there first. The United States and China are considered the leaders in the field; many experts believe America still holds an edge.

As the race to master quantum computing continues, a scramble is on to protect critical data. Washington and its allies are working on new encryption standards known as post-quantum cryptography – essentially codes that are much harder to crack, even for a quantum computer. Beijing is trying to pioneer quantum communications networks, a technology theoretically impossible to hack, according to researchers. The scientist spearheading Beijing’s efforts has become a minor celebrity in China.

Quantum computing is radically different. Conventional computers process information as bits – either 1 or 0, and just one number at a time. Quantum computers process in quantum bits, or “qubits,” which can be 1, 0 or any number in between, all at the same time, which physicists say is an approximate way of describing a complex mathematical concept.

Dec 15, 2023

AI Takes Over The Classroom: Alpha Helping Solve The Teacher Shortage

Posted by in categories: climatology, education, mathematics, robotics/AI

The teacher shortage crisis is a major concern, casting a shadow on educational quality across the globe. In this academic climate, the rise of AI in the classroom sparks both hope and skepticism. Alpha school is leading the way, devoid of traditional teachers and reliant on its AI-powered curriculum and “guide” system. This innovative approach offers a glimpse of a promising future where technology and human ingenuity merge to redefine education.

AI has become a game-changer in education by customizing learning experiences according to students’ individual learning styles and paces. Alpha’s app-based tutoring system is a prime example of this. It is personalized for each student’s strengths and weaknesses, a significant departure from the traditional “one-size-fits-all” classroom approach. For instance, consider a child who struggles with math concepts. AI can modify the exercises and explanations to suit their learning style, enabling them to understand the material better.

Moreover, this AI-driven education system offers instant and detailed feedback, which may be lacking in some schools. Such immediate response fosters a deeper understanding and encourages a more engaged learning process. This level of individualized attention is a powerful tool for enhancing knowledge and engagement.

Dec 15, 2023

Google’s DeepMind AI decodes age-old math equation, stumping humans

Posted by in categories: information science, mathematics, robotics/AI

DeepMind’s FunSearch discovers new mathematical knowledge and algorithms.

Google DeepMind has triumphantly cracked an age-old mathematical mystery using a method called FunSearch.

The math problem that FunSearch has solved is the famous cap set problem in pure mathematics, which has stumped even the brightest human mathematicians.

Continue reading “Google’s DeepMind AI decodes age-old math equation, stumping humans” »

Dec 15, 2023

Google DeepMind used a large language model to solve an unsolvable math problem

Posted by in categories: mathematics, robotics/AI

They had to throw away most of what it produced but there was gold among the garbage.

Dec 15, 2023

DeepMind AI outdoes human mathematicians on unsolved problem

Posted by in categories: mathematics, robotics/AI

For the first time ever, researchers show how a large language model can help discover novel solutions to long-standing problems in math and computer science.

The card game Set has long inspired mathematicians to create interesting problems.

Now, a technique based on large language models (LLMs) is showing that artificial intelligence (AI) can help mathematicians to generate new solutions.

Continue reading “DeepMind AI outdoes human mathematicians on unsolved problem” »

Dec 14, 2023

DeepMind AI with built-in fact-checker makes mathematical discoveries

Posted by in categories: mathematics, robotics/AI

The AI company DeepMind claims it has developed a way to harness the creativity of chatbots to solve mathematical problems while filtering out mistakes.

By Matthew Sparkes

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