Archive for the ‘materials’ category: Page 115

Mar 11, 2021

Sushi-like rolled 2D heterostructures may lead to new miniaturized electronics

Posted by in categories: materials, particle physics

The recent synthesis of one-dimensional van der Waals heterostructures, a type of heterostructure made by layering two-dimensional materials that are one atom thick, may lead to new, miniaturized electronics that are currently not possible, according to a team of Penn State and University of Tokyo researchers.

Engineers commonly produce heterostructures to achieve new device properties that are not available in a . A van der Waals is one made of 2D materials that are stacked directly on top of each other like Lego-blocks or a sandwich. The van der Waals force, which is an attractive force between uncharged molecules or atoms, holds the materials together.

According to Slava V. Rotkin, Penn State Frontier Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics, the one-dimensional van der Waals heterostructure produced by the researchers is different from the van der Waals heterostructures engineers have produced thus far.

Mar 9, 2021

Microchips of the future: Suitable insulators are still missing

Posted by in categories: computing, materials

For decades, there has been a trend in microelectronics towards ever smaller and more compact transistors. 2D materials such as graphene are seen as a beacon of hope here: they are the thinnest material layers that can possibly exist, consisting of only one or a few atomic layers. Nevertheless, they can conduct electrical currents—conventional silicon technology, on the other hand, no longer works properly if the layers become too thin.

However, such materials are not used in a vacuum; they have to be combined with suitable insulators—in order to seal them off from unwanted environmental influences, and also in order to control the flow of current via the so-called field effect. Until now, hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) has frequently been used for this purpose as it forms an excellent environment for 2D materials. However, studies conducted by TU Wien, in cooperation with ETH Zurich, the Russian Ioffe Institute and researchers from Saudi Arabia and Japan, now show that, contrary to previous assumptions, thin hBN layers are not suitable as insulators for future miniaturized field-effect transistors, as exorbitant leakage currents occur. So if 2D materials are really to revolutionize the , one has to start looking for other insulator materials. The study has now been published in the scientific journal Nature Electronics.

Mar 8, 2021

Scientists develop model for faster-than-light warp drive

Posted by in categories: materials, space travel

‘A class of subluminal, spherically symmetric warp drive spacetimes, at least in principle, can be constructed based on the physical principles known to humanity today,’ the scientists say.

“Conceptually, we demonstrate that any warp drive, including the Alcubierre drive, is a shell of regular or exotic material moving inertially with a certain velocity. Therefore, any warp drive requires propulsion. We show that a class of subluminal, spherically symmetric warp drive spacetimes, at least in principle, can be constructed based on the physical principles known to humanity today.”

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Mar 7, 2021

Radiative Cooling and Solar Heating From One System – No Electricity Needed

Posted by in categories: materials, nanotechnology

Study describes passive cooling system that aims to help impoverished communities, reduce cooling and heating costs, lower CO2 emissions.

Passive cooling, like the shade a tree provides, has been around forever.

Recently, researchers have been exploring how to turbo charge a passive cooling technique — known as radiative or sky cooling — with sun-blocking, nanomaterials that emit heat away from building rooftops. While progress has been made, this eco-friendly technology isn’t commonplace because researchers have struggled to maximize the materials’ cooling capabilities.

Mar 4, 2021

This Afghan-Developed ‘Mine Kafon’ Ball Detonates Landmines At A Cheaper Cost

Posted by in category: materials

Advertisement The device for sweeping mines is built using low-cost material available in abundance, hence easily replaceable too. The new mine killer device known as Mine Kafon, developed by an Afghan designer, is an expertly designed device that uses cheap materials that are easily replaceable, hence giving tremendous results.

The device is wind-powered and seems like a Hoberman sphere. The device’s weight and height match that of an average-sized man, hence replicating the effect of a man stepping on a mine.

Mar 4, 2021

Scientists Discover Water, Organic Materials on Surface of Asteroid

Posted by in categories: materials, space

Even more evidence that asteroids brought the ingredients for life to Earth.

Mar 4, 2021

Soft robot reaches the deepest part of the ocean

Posted by in categories: materials, robotics/AI

A self-powered robot inspired by a fish can survive the extreme pressures at the bottom of the ocean’s deepest trench, thanks to its soft body and distributed electronic system — and might enable exploration of the uncharted ocean. How robots made from soft materials can withstand high pressures.

Mar 3, 2021

Breakthrough greatly enhances ultrafast resolution achievable with X-ray free-electron lasers

Posted by in categories: chemistry, materials

A large international team of scientists from various research organizations, including the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, has developed a method that dramatically improves the already ultrafast time resolution achievable with X-ray free-electron lasers (XFELs). It could lead to breakthroughs on how to design new materials and more efficient chemical processes.

Mar 1, 2021

Hydrogel could repair heart attack damage

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, materials

Researchers have developed an injectable hydrogel that could help repair and prevent further damage to the heart muscle after a heart attack event.

Mar 1, 2021

Furthering mechanistic understanding of oxygen-redox processes in lithium-rich battery cathodes

Posted by in category: materials

Scientists based at the University of Oxford as part of the Faraday Institution CATMAT project researching next-generation cathode materials have made a significant advance in understanding oxygen-redox processes involved in lithium-rich cathode materials. The paper, published in Nature Energy, proposes strategies that offer potential routes to increase the energy density of lithium-ion batteries.