Archive for the ‘law’ category: Page 4

Jun 30, 2023

Tesla, Facebook, OpenAI Account For 24.5% Of ‘AI Incidents,’ Security Company Says

Posted by in categories: existential risks, food, health, law, military, nuclear weapons, robotics/AI

The first “AI incident” almost caused global nuclear war. More recent AI-enabled malfunctions, errors, fraud, and scams include deepfakes used to influence politics, bad health information from chatbots, and self-driving vehicles that are endangering pedestrians.

The worst offenders, according to security company Surfshark, are Tesla, Facebook, and OpenAI, with 24.5% of all known AI incidents so far.

In 1983, an automated system in the Soviet Union thought it detected incoming nuclear missiles from the United States, almost leading to global conflict. That’s the first incident in Surfshark’s report (though it’s debatable whether an automated system from the 1980s counts specifically as artificial intelligence). In the most recent incident, the National Eating Disorders Association (NEDA) was forced to shut down Tessa, its chatbot, after Tessa gave dangerous advice to people seeking help for eating disorders. Other recent incidents include a self-driving Tesla failing to notice a pedestrian and then breaking the law by not yielding to a person in a crosswalk, and a Jefferson Parish resident being wrongfully arrested by Louisiana police after a facial recognition system developed by Clearview AI allegedly mistook him for another individual.

Jun 19, 2023

Who owns the code? If ChatGPT’s AI helps write your app, does it still belong to you?

Posted by in categories: law, robotics/AI

It’s complicated. So we reached out to legal experts for some definitive answers.

Jun 18, 2023

US court approves SEC-Binance.US agreement

Posted by in category: law

On June 17, United States district court Judge Amy Berman Jackson approved an agreement between Binance. US, Binance, and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), dismissing a previous temporary restraining order (TRO) that would freeze all Binance. US assets.

On June 14, Jackson said she would prefer the parties reach an agreement independently rather than have her rule. The sides reportedly reached an agreement on June 16.

“We are pleased to inform you that the Court did not grant the SEC’s request for a TRO and freeze of assets on our platform which was clearly unjustified by both the facts and the law,” Binance. US said on Twitter.

Jun 18, 2023

Synthetic Human Embryos Have Been Made In A Lab For First Time, Scientists Say

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics, law, neuroscience

Synthetic human embryos – derived from stem cells without the need for eggs or sperm – have been created for the first time, scientists say. The structures represent the very earliest stages of human development, which could allow for vital studies into disorders like recurrent miscarriage and genetic diseases. But questions have been posed about the legal and ethical implications, as the pace of scientific discovery outstrips the legislation.

The breakthrough was reported by the Guardian newspaper following an announcement by Professor Magdalena Żernicka-Goetz, a developmental biologist at the University of Cambridge and Caltech, at the 2023 annual meeting of the International Society for Stem Cell Research. The findings have not yet been published in a peer-reviewed paper.

It’s understood that the synthetic structures model the very beginnings of human development. They do not yet contain a brain or heart, for example, but comprise the cells that would be needed to form a placenta, yolk sac, and embryo. Żernicka-Goetz told the conference that the structures have been grown to just beyond the equivalent of 14 days of natural gestation for a human embryo in the womb. It’s not clear whether it would be possible to allow them to mature any further.

Jun 18, 2023

New State Law Requires Newly Built or Renovated Homes to Support EV Charging

Posted by in categories: habitats, law

Illinois houses, apartments and condos being built from 2024 onward must equip EV charging points.

Jun 15, 2023

Scientists report creation of first human synthetic model embryos

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, genetics, law, neuroscience

A team of researchers in the United States and United Kingdom say they have created the world’s first synthetic human embryo-like structures from stem cells, bypassing the need for eggs and sperm.

These embryo-like structures are at the very earliest stages of human development: They don’t have a beating heart or a brain, for example. But scientists say they could one day help advance the understanding of genetic diseases or the causes of miscarriages.

The research raises critical legal and ethical questions, and many countries, including the US, don’t have laws governing the creation or treatment of synthetic embryos.

Jun 12, 2023

Researchers “Split” Phonons in Step Toward New Type of Linear Mechanical Quantum Computer

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, business, computing, engineering, law, policy, quantum physics

The experiments are the first of their kind and could lead to new advances in computing.

A team at the University of Chicago.

Founded in 1,890, the University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois. Located on a 217-acre campus in Chicago’s Hyde Park neighborhood, near Lake Michigan, the school holds top-ten positions in various national and international rankings. UChicago is also well known for its professional schools: Pritzker School of Medicine, Booth School of Business, Law School, School of Social Service Administration, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, Divinity School and the Graham School of Continuing Liberal and Professional Studies, and Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering.

Jun 12, 2023

Defying Fundamental Laws of Biology — Scientists Discover Real-Life Chimeras

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, law

International researchers studying the yellow crazy ant, or Anoplolepis gracilipes, found that male ants of this species are chimeras, containing two genomes from different parent cells within their bodies. This unique reproductive process, originating from a single fertilized egg that undergoes separate maternal and paternal nuclear division, is unprecedented and challenges the fundamental biological inheritance law stating that all cells of an individual should contain the same genome. Credit: Hugo Darras.

The yellow crazy ant, known scientifically as Anoplolepis gracilipes, is notorious for being one of the most devastating invasive species.

A species is a group of living organisms that share a set of common characteristics and are able to breed and produce fertile offspring. The concept of a species is important in biology as it is used to classify and organize the diversity of life. There are different ways to define a species, but the most widely accepted one is the biological species concept, which defines a species as a group of organisms that can interbreed and produce viable offspring in nature. This definition is widely used in evolutionary biology and ecology to identify and classify living organisms.

Jun 11, 2023

Gang-rape and genital electrocution: How Russia’s war crimes in Ukraine could go un-prosecuted

Posted by in categories: habitats, law

One month into living under Russian occupation in northern Ukraine, Marina cycled cautiously through her village. She was five doors from her elderly parents’ blue garden gate when three soldiers ordered her to stop. Grabbing her hair, they dragged Marina into a neighbour’s empty house.

“They forced me to strip naked,” the 47-year-old said, picking at the skin around her fingernails. “I asked them not to touch me, but they said: ‘Your Ukrainian soldiers are killing us’.”

Continue reading “Gang-rape and genital electrocution: How Russia’s war crimes in Ukraine could go un-prosecuted” »

Jun 6, 2023

Redefining Fluid Dynamics: Ancient Invention Sparks Modern Breakthrough

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, engineering, law, transportation

A group of scientists has discovered new laws governing the flow of fluids by conducting experiments on an ancient technology: the drinking straw. This newfound understanding has the potential to enhance fluid management in medical and engineering contexts.

“We found that sipping through a straw defies all the previously known laws for the resistance or friction of flow through a pipe or tube,” explains Leif Ristroph, an associate professor at New York University’s Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences and an author of the study, which appears in the Journal of Fluid Mechanics. “This motivated us to search for a new law that could work for any type of fluid moving at any rate through a pipe of any size.”

The movement of liquids and gases through conduits such as pipes, tubes, and ducts is a common phenomenon in both natural and industrial contexts, including in scenarios like the circulation of blood or the transportation of oil through pipelines.

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