Archive for the ‘law’ category

Sep 29, 2023

Google created hurdles to protect smartphone foothold, small search firm says

Posted by in categories: business, law, mobile phones

WASHINGTON, Sept 27 (Reuters) — The founder of Branch Metrics, which developed a method of searching within smartphone apps, told a U.S. antitrust trial on Wednesday how his company struggled to integrate with devices because of steps Google took to block them.

The testimony came during the third week of a more than two-month trial in which the U.S. Justice Department is seeking to show that Alphabet’s Google (GOOGL.O) abused its monopoly of search and some search advertising. Google has said that its business practices were legal.

Google is accused of paying $10 billion a year based on “revenue share agreements” to smartphone makers, wireless carriers and others who agree to make its software the default and maintain its monopoly in search.

Sep 28, 2023

The FTX trial is bigger than Sam Bankman-Fried

Posted by in categories: law, transportation

And potentially very embarrassing for all of crypto.

The trial of Sam Bankman-Fried is likely to be more consequential than just whether the man himself is found guilty. Depending on what evidence is introduced during the trial, it could be rough for the entire crypto industry.

“How much damage can this trial do to the already beaten-down reputation of the industry at this point?” asks Yesha Yadav, a law professor at Vanderbilt University. “This trial is going to be an excruciating moment for the industry because no one knows what kind of evidence might come out.”

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Sep 26, 2023

Getty Images promises its new AI contains no copyrighted art

Posted by in categories: internet, law, robotics/AI

And it will pay legal fees if its customers end up in any lawsuits about it.

Getty Images is so confident its new generative AI model is free of copyrighted content that it will cover any potential intellectual-property disputes for its customers.

The generative AI system, announced today, was built by Nvidia and is trained solely on images in Getty’s image library. It does not include logos or images that have been scraped off the internet without consent.

Sep 24, 2023

Should we rethink our legal definition of a human embryo?

Posted by in category: law

Scientists can now create realistic human embryo models in the lab, leading some to suggest that we rethink how we legally define an embryo.

Sep 19, 2023

Researchers from MIT and Microsoft Introduce DoLa: A Novel AI Decoding Strategy Aimed at Reducing Hallucinations in LLMs

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, law, robotics/AI

Numerous natural language processing (NLP) applications have benefited greatly from using large language models (LLMs). While LLMs have improved in performance and gained additional capabilities due to being scaled, they still have a problem with “hallucinating” or producing information inconsistent with the real-world facts detected during pre-training. This represents a significant barrier to adoption for high-stakes applications (such as those found in clinical and legal settings), where the generation of trustworthy text is essential.

The maximum likelihood language modeling target, which seeks to minimize the forward KL divergence between the data and model distributions, may be to blame for LMs’ hallucinations. However, this is far from certain. The LM may assign a non-zero probability to phrases that are not fully consistent with the knowledge encoded in the training data if this goal is pursued.

From the perspective of the interpretability of the model, studies have shown that the earlier layers of transformer LMs encode “lower level” information (such as part-of-speech tags). In contrast, the later levels encode more “semantic” information.

Sep 17, 2023

Google fined $93 million for deceiving users about tracking

Posted by in category: law

Users should continue to evaluate their settings to understand how they are being tracked.

Following a lengthy examination into its data practices, Google has agreed to pay $93 million to resolve claims that it misled customers about how and when their location information was being tracked and stored. The investigation was led by the California Department of Justice.

This is according to a statement released by California Attorney General Rob Bonta’s office on Thursday.

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Sep 14, 2023

Time for the US to regulate AI? Tech CEOs and lawmakers meet

Posted by in categories: Elon Musk, law, robotics/AI

Musk, Zuckerberg, Altman, Gates, and Huang were in attendance.

US lawmakers met with the who’s who of the tech industry on Wednesday to discuss regulations for artificial intelligence and potentially work towards a law that protects US citizens from the dangers of the technology.

In attendance were Tesla CEO Elon Musk, Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg, Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai, NVIDIA CEO Jensen Huang, Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella, IBM CEO Arvind Krishna, former Microsoft CEO Bill Gates, and AFL-CIO labor federation President Liz Shuler, reported Reuters.

Sep 10, 2023

Microsoft offers legal protection for users with AI copyright infringements

Posted by in categories: law, robotics/AI

Alongside the launch of its new AI assistant Copilot, Microsoft announced new copyright protections for its users.

Sep 6, 2023

Apple bows to EU, iPhone 15 likely to have USB-C port

Posted by in categories: climatology, computing, law, mobile phones

EU law requires manufacturers to adopt Type-C chargers in phones, tablets, etc by December 2024.

Apple will switch out its proprietary Lightning charging port in iPhones to be compatible with a USB Type-C cable instead, reported.

The EU law says that by 2024-end, all mobile phones, tablets, and cameras sold in countries under the EU will have to be equipped with a USB-C charging port. From spring 2026, the obligation will extend to laptops as well. The law’s overall purpose is to cut down on environmental waste and save consumers an estimated $247 million per annum.

Sep 4, 2023

Racially biased AI can lead to false arrests, warns expert

Posted by in categories: law, robotics/AI

Racially biased artificial intelligence (AI) is not only misleading, it can be right down detrimental, destroying people’s lives. This is a warning University of Alberta Faculty of Law assistant professor Dr. Gideon Christian issued in a press release by the institution.

Christian is most notably the recipient of a $50,000 Office of the Privacy Commissioner Contributions Program grant for a research project called Mitigating Race, Gender and Privacy Impacts of AI Facial Recognition Technology. The initiative seeks to study race issues in AI-based facial recognition technology in Canada. Christian is considered an expert on AI and the law.

“There is this false notion that technology unlike humans is not biased. That’s not accurate,” said Christian, PhD.

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