Archive for the ‘evolution’ category: Page 6

Jul 23, 2023

NASA’s Newest Storm-Watching Satellites Captured the Evolution of Hurricane’s Structure

Posted by in categories: climatology, evolution, government, physics, satellites

Observations made by NASA

Established in 1958, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the United States Federal Government that succeeded the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). It is responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. Its vision is “To discover and expand knowledge for the benefit of humanity.” Its core values are “safety, integrity, teamwork, excellence, and inclusion.” NASA conducts research, develops technology and launches missions to explore and study Earth, the solar system, and the universe beyond. It also works to advance the state of knowledge in a wide range of scientific fields, including Earth and space science, planetary science, astrophysics, and heliophysics, and it collaborates with private companies and international partners to achieve its goals.

Jul 23, 2023

Is the end of the ‘particle era’ of physics upon us?

Posted by in categories: cosmology, evolution, particle physics

The discovery of the Higgs Boson in 2012 represented a major turning point for particle physics marking the completion of what is known as the standard model of particle physics. Yet, the standard model can’t answer every question in physics, thus, since this discovery at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) physicists have searched for physics beyond the standard model and to determine what shape future physics will take.

A paper in The European Physical Journal H by Robert Harlander and Jean-Philippe Martinez of the Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology, RWTH Aachen University, Germany, and Gregor Schiemann from the Faculty of Humanities and Cultural Studies, Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Germany, considers the idea that particle physics may be on the verge of a new era of discovery and understanding in particle physics. The paper also considers the implications of the many possible scenarios for the future of high-energy physics.

“Over the last century, the concept of the particle has emerged as fundamental in the field of physics,” Martinez said. “It has undergone a significant evolution across time, which has opened up new ways for particle observation, and thus for the discovery of new particles. Currently, observing a particle requires its on-shell production.”

Jul 22, 2023

James Webb Space Telescope makes 1st detection of diamond-like carbon dust in the universe’s earliest stars

Posted by in categories: alien life, chemistry, evolution

The James Webb Space Telescope has detected the earliest-known carbon dust in a galaxy ever.

Using the powerful space telescope, a team of astronomers spotted signs of the element that forms the backbone of all life in ten different galaxies that existed as early as 1 billion years after the Big Bang.

The detection of carbon dust so soon after the Big Bang could shake up theories surrounding the chemical evolution of the universe. This is because the processes that create and disperse heavier elements like this should take longer to build up in galaxies than the age of these young galaxies at the time the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) sees them.

Jul 21, 2023

Molecular features driving cellular complexity of human brain evolution

Posted by in categories: evolution, neuroscience

A single-cell genomics analysis of humans, chimpanzees and rhesus macaques reveals the molecular features that drive cellular and regulatory complexity of human brain evolution.

Jul 21, 2023

Scientists use chemical mapping to study the spiraling arms of the Milky Way

Posted by in categories: chemistry, evolution, mapping, space

A researcher has used the technique of chemical mapping to study the spiral arms of our home galaxy: the Milky Way. According to Keith Hawkins, assistant professor at The University of Texas at Austin, chemical cartography might help us better grasp the structure and evolution of our galaxy.

“Much like the early explorers, who created better and better maps of our world, we are now creating better and better maps of the Milky Way,” mentioned Hawkins in an official release.


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Jul 16, 2023

Revealing the invisible: Detecting variations in extragalactic magnetic fields

Posted by in categories: cosmology, evolution, particle physics

Magnetic fields are common throughout the universe but incredibly challenging to study. They don’t directly emit or reflect light, and light from all along the electromagnetic spectrum remains the primary purveyor of astrophysical data. Instead, researchers have had to find the equivalent of cosmic iron filings—matter in galaxies that is sensitive to magnetic fields and also emits light marked by the fields’ structure and intensity.

In a new study published in The Astrophysical Journal, several Stanford astrophysicists have studied infrared signals from just such a material—magnetically aligned dust grains embedded in the cold, dense clouds of star-forming regions. A comparison to light from cosmic ray electrons that has been marked by magnetic fields in warmer, more diffuse material showed surprising differences in the measured magnetic fields of .

Stanford astrophysicist and member of the Kavli Institute for Particle Acceleration and Cosmology (KIPAC) Enrique Lopez-Rodriguez explains the differences and what they could mean for galactic growth and evolution.

Jul 16, 2023

We can’t predict the future, but appreciating its uncertainties will make us happier

Posted by in categories: biological, evolution, mathematics, neuroscience

In it, he explores how we can make better, scientifically informed predictions about the world around us, using maths. “Mathematics can provide us with the objective tools to bypass the foibles of our own biology – the limitations imposed by our own thought processes, the compulsions that ultimately make us human, but let us down when it comes to making inferences about the world around us,” he writes. “They are humanity’s shortcuts: the preconceptions and cognitive biases, refined over millennia of evolution, that all too often lead us astray when we try to apply our brain’s old rules to our society’s new environments.”

No matter how tempting it is to think, “Ooh, that’s a bit spooky” when faced with a completely random coincidence or chance occurrence, we should all be expecting unusual things to happen all the time, he says.

Yates describes a person who, when browsing in a secondhand bookshop far from where they grew up, opens a copy of their favourite children’s book, only to find their own name inscribed inside. Yet, he says, “the law of truly large numbers” dictates that, just as someone wins the lottery almost every week, with enough opportunities, such extraordinary coincidences are far more likely to happen than you might think. “There are so many different types of coincidences that make us say: ‘Well, that’s extraordinary.’ But it’s not unlikely that some of them happen to us every so often.”

Jul 15, 2023

New research reveals the ancient origins of earth’s continents

Posted by in category: evolution

Research has unveiled the pivotal moment 3.2 billion years ago when Earth’s continents began to form.

New research conducted by scientists at Curtin University has shed new light on the formation of Earth’s continents. This groundbreaking study, published in Earth Science Reviews, utilized Australia’s abundant lead-zinc ore deposits and a comprehensive global database to establish a timeline for the Earth’s evolution.

The study’s lead researcher, Dr Luc Doucet from Curtin’s Earth Dynamics Research Group, explained that their main objective was to determine when the continents as we know them today first took shape. To accomplish this, the team needed to understand how the Earth’s mantle had… More.

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Jul 14, 2023

Engineered bacterial orthogonal DNA replication system for continuous evolution

Posted by in categories: biotech/medical, evolution

Tian et al. developed a bacterial orthogonal DNA replication system by harnessing the temperate phage GIL16 DNA replication machinery, which provides a powerful tool for continuous evolution in prokaryotic cells.

Jul 13, 2023

Male Monkeys Have More Homosexual Sex Than Straight Sex, Study Shows

Posted by in categories: evolution, sex

Gay sex – some humans do it, some penguins do it, and as it turns out, many monkeys do it. It’s only natural, according to a study published Monday in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution.

By watching a group of rhesus macaques over a three-year period in Puerto Rico, scientists from the Imperial College of London found it was more common for the males to engage in sex with the same gender than with the opposite.

The researchers reported 72% of the 236 male monkeys either mounted, or were mounted, by other males, whereas only 46% participated in heterosexual sex.

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